Oscar voor beste originele scenario

De Academy Award voor beste originele scenario (ook bekend als de Oscar voor beste originele scenario) is een jaarlijkse filmprijs van de Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Enkel filmscenario's die niet gebaseerd werden op een ander medium komen in aanmerking voor de Oscar. Daardoor maken onder meer remakes en boekverfilmingen geen kans op deze prijs, zij maken kans op de Academy Award voor beste bewerkte scenario.

De Academy Award voor beste originele scenario werd op 27 februari 1941 voor het eerst uitgereikt. Sindsdien maakt de prijs jaarlijks deel uit van de Oscarceremonie. Enkel voor films uit het jaar 1948 werd er geen prijs uitgereikt. Voor dat jaar werden de categorieën voor originele en bewerkte scenario samengevoegd tot één categorie (beste scenario).

Winnaars en genomineerdenBewerken

De winnaars staan bovenaan in vette letters op een gele achtergrond. De overige films en scenaristen die werden genomineerd staan eronder vermeld in alfabetische volgorde.[1]


Jaar Film Scenarist(en)
The Great McGinty Preston Sturges
Angels Over Broadway Ben Hecht
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet John Huston, Heinz Herald, Norman Burnside
Foreign Correspondent Charles Bennett, Joan Harrison
The Great Dictator Charles Chaplin
Citizen Kane Herman J. Mankiewicz, Orson Welles
The Devil and Miss Jones Norman Krasna
Sergeant York Abem Finkel, Harry Chandlee, Howard E. Koch, John Huston
Tall, Dark and Handsome Karl Tunberg, Darrell Ware
Tom, Dick and Harry Paul Jarrico
Woman of the Year Ring Lardner jr., Michael Kanin
One of Our Aircraft Is Missing Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Road to Morocco Frank Butler, Don Hartman
Wake Island W.R. Burnett, Frank Butler
The War Against Mrs. Hadley George Oppenheimer
Princess O'Rourke Norman Krasna
Air Force Dudley Nichols
In Which We Serve Noël Coward
The North Star Lillian Hellman
So Proudly We Hail! Allan Scott
Wilson Lamar Trotti
Hail the Conquering Hero Preston Sturges
The Miracle of Morgan's Creek Preston Sturges
Two Girls and a Sailor Richard Connell, Gladys Lehman
Wing and a Prayer Jerome Cady
Marie-Louise Richard Schweizer
Dillinger Philip Yordan
Music for Millions Myles Connolly
Salty O'Rourke Milton Holmes
What Next, Corporal Hargrove? Harry Kurnitz
The Seventh Veil Muriel Box, Sydney Box
The Blue Dahlia Raymond Chandler
Children of Paradise Jacques Prévert
Notorious Ben Hecht
Road to Utopia Norman Panama, Melvin Frank
The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Sidney Sheldon
Body and Soul Abraham Polonsky
A Double Life Ruth Gordon, Garson Kanin
Monsieur Verdoux Charles Chaplin
Shoe-Shine Sergio Amidei, Adolfo Franci, C.G. Viola, Cesare Zavattini
Geen uitreiking in deze categorie.[noot 1]
Battleground Robert Pirosh
Jolson Sings Again Sidney Buchman
Paisan Alfred Hayes, Federico Fellini, Sergio Amidei, Marcello Pagliero, Roberto Rossellini
Passport to Pimlico T.E.B. Clarke
The Quiet One Helen Levitt, Janice Loeb, Sidney Meyers


Jaar Film Scenarist(en)
Sunset Blvd. Charles Brackett, Billy Wilder, D.M. Marshman jr.
Adam's Rib Ruth Gordon, Garson Kanin
Caged Virginia Kellogg, Bernard C. Schoenfeld
The Men Carl Foreman
No Way Out Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Lesser Samuels
An American in Paris Alan Jay Lerner
The Big Carnival Billy Wilder, Lesser Samuels, Walter Newman
David and Bathsheba Philip Dunne
Go for Broke! Robert Pirosh
The Well Clarence Greene, Russell Rouse
The Lavender Hill Mob T.E.B. Clarke
The Atomic City Sydney Boehm
Breaking the Sound Barrier Terence Rattigan
Pat and Mike Ruth Gordon, Garson Kanin
Viva Zapata! John Steinbeck
Titanic Charles Brackett, Walter Reisch, Richard Breen
The Band Wagon Betty Comden, Adolph Green
The Desert Rats Richard Murphy
The Naked Spur Sam Rolfe, Harold Jack Bloom
Take the High Ground! Millard Kaufman
On the Waterfront Budd Schulberg
The Barefoot Contessa Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Genevieve William Rose
The Glenn Miller Story Valentine Davies, Oscar Brodney
Knock on Wood Norman Panama, Melvin Frank
Interrupted Melody William Ludwig, Sonya Levien
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell Milton Sperling, Emmet Lavery
It's Always Fair Weather Betty Comden, Adolph Green
Mr. Hulot's Holiday Jacques Tati, Henri Marquet
The Seven Little Foys Melville Shavelson, Jack Rose
The Red Balloon Albert Lamorisse
The Bold and the Brave Robert Lewin
Julie Andrew L. Stone
La Strada Federico Fellini, Tullio Pinelli
The Ladykillers William Rose
Designing Woman George Wells
Funny Face Leonard Gershe
Man of a Thousand Faces Ralph Wheelwright, R. Wright Campbell, Ivan Goff, Ben Roberts
The Tin Star Barney Slater, Joel Kane, Dudley Nichols
Vitelloni Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli
The Defiant Ones Nedrick Young, Harold Jacob Smith[noot 2]
The Goddess Paddy Chayefsky
Houseboat Melville Shavelson, Jack Rose
The Sheepman James Edward Grant, William Bowers
Teacher's Pet Fay Kanin, Michael Kanin
Pillow Talk Russell Rouse, Clarence Greene, Stanley Shapiro, Maurice Richlin
The 400 Blows François Truffaut, Marcel Moussy
North by Northwest Ernest Lehman
Operation Petticoat Paul King, Joseph Stone, Stanley Shapiro, Maurice Richlin
Wild Strawberries Ingmar Bergman


Jaar Film Scenarist(en)
The Apartment Billy Wilder, I.A.L. Diamond
The Angry Silence Richard Gregson, Michael Craig, Bryan Forbes
The Facts of Life Norman Panama, Melvin Frank
Hiroshima, Mon Amour Marguerite Duras
Never on Sunday Jules Dassin
Splendor in the Grass William Inge
Ballad of a Soldier Valentin Yoshov, Grigori Chukhrai
General Della Rovere Sergio Amidei, Diego Fabbi, Indro Montanelli
La Dolce Vita Federico Fellini, Tullio Pinelli, Ennio Flaiano, Brunello Rondi
Lover Come Back Stanley Shapiro, Paul Henning
Divorzio all'italiana Ennio de Concini, Alfredo Giannetti, Pietro Germi
Freud Charles Kaufman, Wolfgang Reinhardt
Last Year at Marienbad Alain Robbe-Grillet
That Touch of Mink Stanley Shapiro, Nate Monaster
Through a Glass Darkly Ingmar Bergman
How the West Was Won James R. Webb
America, America Elia Kazan
Federico Fellini's 8½ Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli, Brunello Rondi
The Four Days of Naples Pasquale Festa Campanile, Massimo Franciosa, Nanni Loy, Vasco Pratolini, Carlo Bernari
Love with the Proper Stranger Arnold Schulman
Father Goose S.H. Barnett, Peter Stone, Frank Tarloff
A Hard Day's Night Alun Owen
One Potato, Two Potato Orville H. Hampton, Raphael Hayes
The Organizer Age & Scarpelli, Mario Monicelli
That Man from Rio Jean-Paul Rappeneau, Ariane Mnouchkine, Daniel Boulanger, Philippe de Broca
Darling Frederic Raphael
Casanova '70 Age & Scarpelli, Mario Monicelli, Tonino Guerra, Giorgio Salvioni, Suso Cecchi D'Amico
Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines Jack Davies, Ken Annakin
The Train Franklin Coen, Frank Davis
The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Jacques Demy
A Man and a Woman Claude Lelouch, Pierre Uytterhoeven
Blow-Up Michelangelo Antonioni, Tonino Guerra, Edward Bond
The Fortune Cookie Billy Wilder, I.A.L. Diamond
Khartoum Robert Ardrey
The Naked Prey Clint Johnston, Don Peters
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner William Rose
Bonnie and Clyde David Newman, Robert Benton
Divorce American Style Robert Kaufman, Norman Lear
La Guerre Est Finie Jorge Semprún
Two for the Road Frederic Raphael
The Producers Mel Brooks
The Battle of Algiers Franco Solinas, Gillo Pontecorvo
Faces John Cassavetes
Hot Millions Ira Wallach, Peter Ustinov
2001: A Space Odyssey Stanley Kubrick, Arthur C. Clarke
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid William Goldman
Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice Paul Mazursky, Larry Tucker
The Damned Nicola Badalucco, Enrico Medioli, Luchino Visconti
Easy Rider Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, Terry Southern
The Wild Bunch Walon Green, Roy N. Sickner, Sam Peckinpah


Jaar Film Scenarist(en)
Patton Francis Ford Coppola, Edmund H. North
Five Easy Pieces Bob Rafelson, Adrien Joyce
Joe Norman Wexler
Love Story Erich Segal
My Night at Maud's Éric Rohmer
The Hospital Paddy Chayefsky
Investigation of a Citizen above Suspicion Elio Petri, Ugo Pirro
Klute Andy Lewis, David Lewis
Summer of '42 Herman Raucher
Sunday Bloody Sunday Penelope Gilliatt
The Candidate Jeremy Larner
The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie Luis Buñuel, Jean-Claude Carrière
Lady Sings the Blues Terrence McCloy, Chris Clark, Suzanne de Passe
Murmur of the Heart Louis Malle
Young Winston Carl Foreman
The Sting David S. Ward
American Graffiti George Lucas, Gloria Katz, Willard Huyck
Cries and Whispers Ingmar Bergman
Save the Tiger Steve Shagan
A Touch of Class Melvin Frank, Jack Rose
Chinatown Robert Towne
Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore Robert Getchell
The Conversation Francis Ford Coppola
Day for Night François Truffaut, Jean-Louis Richard, Suzanne Schiffman
Harry and Tonto Paul Mazursky, Josh Greenfield
Dog Day Afternoon Frank Pierson
Amarcord Federico Fellini, Tonino Guerra
And Now My Love Claude Lelouch, Pierre Uytterhoeven
Lies My Father Told Me Ted Allan
Shampoo Robert Towne, Warren Beatty
Network Paddy Chayefsky
Cousin, Cousine Jean-Charles Tacchella, Daniele Thompson
The Front Walter Bernstein
Rocky Sylvester Stallone
Seven Beauties Lina Wertmüller
Annie Hall Woody Allen, Marshall Brickman
The Goodbye Girl Neil Simon
The Late Show Robert Benton
Star Wars George Lucas
The Turning Point Arthur Laurents
Coming Home Nancy Dowd, Waldo Salt, Robert C. Jones
Autumn Sonata Ingmar Bergman
The Deer Hunter Michael Cimino, Deric Washburn, Louis Garfinkle, Quinn K. Redeker
Interiors Woody Allen
An Unmarried Woman Paul Mazursky
Breaking Away Steve Tesich
All That Jazz Robert Alan Aurthur, Bob Fosse
...And Justice for All Valerie Curtin, Barry Levinson
The China Syndrome Mike Gray, T.S. Cook, James Bridges
Manhattan Woody Allen, Marshall Brickman


Jaar Film Scenarist(en)
Melvin and Howard Bo Goldman
Brubaker W.D. Richter, Arthur Ross
Fame Christopher Gore
Mon Oncle d'Amerique Jean Gruault
Private Benjamin Nancy Meyers, Charles Shyer, Harvey Miller
Chariots of Fire Colin Welland
Absence of Malice Kurt Luedtke
Arthur Steve Gordon
Atlantic City John Guare
Reds Warren Beatty, Trevor Griffiths
Gandhi John Briley
Diner Barry Levinson
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Melissa Mathison
An Officer and a Gentleman Douglas Day Stewart
Tootsie Larry Gelbart, Murray Schisgal, Don McGuire
Tender Mercies Horton Foote
The Big Chill Lawrence Kasdan, Barbara Benedek
Fanny & Alexander Ingmar Bergman
Silkwood Nora Ephron, Alice Arlen
WarGames Lawrence Lasker, Walter F. Parkes
Places in the Heart Robert Benton
Beverly Hills Cop Daniel Petrie jr., Danilo Bach
Broadway Danny Rose Woody Allen
El Norte Gregory Nava, Anna Thomas
Splash Lowell Ganz, Babaloo Mandel, Bruce Jay Friedman, Brian Grazer
Witness Earl W. Wallace, William Kelley, Pamela Wallace
Back to the Future Robert Zemeckis, Bob Gale
Brazil Terry Gilliam, Tom Stoppard, Charles McKeown
The Official Story Luis Puenzo, Aída Bortnik
The Purple Rose of Cairo Woody Allen
Hannah and Her Sisters Woody Allen
'Crocodile' Dundee Paul Hogan, Ken Shadie, John Cornell
My Beautiful Laundrette Hanif Kureishi
Platoon Oliver Stone
Salvador Oliver Stone, Richard Boyle
Moonstruck John Patrick Shanley
Au Revoir les Enfants (Goodbye, Children) Louis Malle
Broadcast News James L. Brooks
Hope and Glory John Boorman
Radio Days Woody Allen
Rain Man Ronald Bass, Barry Morrow
Big Gary Ross, Anne Spielberg
Bull Durham Ron Shelton
A Fish Called Wanda John Cleese, Charles Crichton
Running on Empty Naomi Foner
Dead Poets Society Tom Schulman
Crimes and Misdemeanors Woody Allen
Do the Right Thing Spike Lee
Sex, Lies, and Videotape Steven Soderbergh
When Harry Met Sally... Nora Ephron


Jaar Film Scenarist(en)
Ghost Bruce Joel Rubin
Alice Woody Allen
Avalon Barry Levinson
Green Card Peter Weir
Metropolitan Whit Stillman
Thelma & Louise Callie Khouri
Boyz n the Hood John Singleton
Bugsy James Toback
The Fisher King Richard LaGravenese
Grand Canyon Lawrence Kasdan, Meg Kasdan
The Crying Game Neil Jordan
Husbands and Wives Woody Allen
Lorenzo's Oil George Miller, Nick Enright
Passion Fish John Sayles
Unforgiven David Webb Peoples
The Piano Jane Campion
Dave Gary Ross
In the Line of Fire Jeff Maguire
Philadelphia Ron Nyswaner
Sleepless in Seattle Nora Ephron, David S. Ward, Jeff Arch
Pulp Fiction Quentin Tarantino, Roger Avary
Bullets Over Broadway Woody Allen, Douglas McGrath
Four Weddings and a Funeral Richard Curtis
Heavenly Creatures Frances Walsh, Peter Jackson
Red Krzysztof Piesiewicz, Krzysztof Kieślowski
The Usual Suspects Christopher McQuarrie
Braveheart Randall Wallace
Mighty Aphrodite Woody Allen
Nixon Stephen J. Rivele, Christopher Wilkinson, Oliver Stone
Toy Story Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen, Alec Sokolow, John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Joe Ranft
Fargo Ethan Coen, Joel Coen
Jerry Maguire Cameron Crowe
Lone Star John Sayles
Secrets & Lies Mike Leigh
Shine Jan Sardi, Scott Hicks
Good Will Hunting Ben Affleck, Matt Damon
As Good as It Gets Mark Andrus, James L. Brooks
Boogie Nights Paul Thomas Anderson
Deconstructing Harry Woody Allen
The Full Monty Simon Beaufoy
Shakespeare in Love Marc Norman, Tom Stoppard
Bulworth Warren Beatty, Jeremy Pikser
Life Is Beautiful Vincenzo Cerami, Roberto Benigni
Saving Private Ryan Robert Rodat
The Truman Show Andrew Niccol
American Beauty Alan Ball
Being John Malkovich Charlie Kaufman
Magnolia Paul Thomas Anderson
The Sixth Sense M. Night Shyamalan
Topsy-Turvy Mike Leigh


Jaar Film Scenarist(en)
Almost Famous Cameron Crowe
Billy Elliot Lee Hall
Erin Brockovich Susannah Grant
Gladiator David Franzoni, John Logan, William Nicholson
You Can Count on Me Kenneth Lonergan
Gosford Park Julian Fellowes
Amélie Guillaume Laurant, Jean-Pierre Jeunet
Memento Christopher Nolan, Jonathan Nolan
Monster's Ball Milo Addica, Will Rokos
The Royal Tenenbaums Wes Anderson, Owen Wilson
Talk to Her Pedro Almodóvar
Far from Heaven Todd Haynes
Gangs of New York Jay Cocks, Steve Zaillian, Kenneth Lonergan
My Big Fat Greek Wedding Nia Vardalos
Y tu mamá también Carlos Cuarón, Alfonso Cuarón
Lost in Translation Sofia Coppola
The Barbarian Invasions Denys Arcand
Dirty Pretty Things Steven Knight
Finding Nemo Andrew Stanton, Bob Peterson, David Reynolds
In America Jim Sheridan, Naomi Sheridan, Kirsten Sheridan
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Charlie Kaufman, Michel Gondry, Pierre Bismuth
The Aviator John Logan
Hotel Rwanda Keir Pearson, Terry George
The Incredibles Brad Bird
Vera Drake Mike Leigh
Crash Paul Haggis, Bobby Moresco
Good Night, and Good Luck George Clooney, Grant Heslov
Match Point Woody Allen
The Squid and the Whale Noah Baumbach
Syriana Stephen Gaghan
Little Miss Sunshine Michael Arndt
Babel Guillermo Arriaga
Letters from Iwo Jima Iris Yamashita, Paul Haggis
Pan's Labyrinth Guillermo del Toro
The Queen Peter Morgan
Juno Diablo Cody
Lars and the Real Girl Nancy Oliver
Michael Clayton Tony Gilroy
Ratatouille Brad Bird, Jan Pinkava, Jim Capobianco
The Savages Tamara Jenkins
Milk Dustin Lance Black
Frozen River Courtney Hunt
Happy-Go-Lucky Mike Leigh
In Bruges Martin McDonagh
WALL-E Andrew Stanton, Jim Reardon, Pete Docter
The Hurt Locker Mark Boal
Inglourious Basterds Quentin Tarantino
The Messenger Alessandro Camon, Oren Moverman
A Serious Man Joel Coen, Ethan Coen
Up Bob Peterson, Pete Docter, Tom McCarthy


Jaar Film Scenarist(en)
The King's Speech David Seidler
Another Year Mike Leigh
The Fighter Scott Silver, Paul Tamasy, Eric Johnson, Keith Dorrington
Inception Christopher Nolan
The Kids Are All Right Lisa Cholodenko, Stuart Blumberg
Midnight in Paris Woody Allen
The Artist Michel Hazanavicius
Bridesmaids Annie Mumolo, Kristen Wiig
Margin Call J.C. Chandor
A Separation Asghar Farhadi
Django Unchained Quentin Tarantino
Amour Michael Haneke
Flight John Gatins
Moonrise Kingdom Wes Anderson, Roman Coppola
Zero Dark Thirty Mark Boal
Her Spike Jonze
American Hustle Eric Warren Singer, David O. Russell
Blue Jasmine Woody Allen
Dallas Buyers Club Craig Borten, Melisa Wallack
Nebraska Bob Nelson
Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris jr., Armando Bo
Boyhood Richard Linklater
Foxcatcher E. Max Frye, Dan Futterman
The Grand Budapest Hotel Wes Anderson, Hugo Guinness
Nightcrawler Dan Gilroy
Spotlight Josh Singer, Tom McCarthy
Bridge of Spies Matt Charman, Ethan Coen, Joel Coen
Ex Machina Alex Garland
Inside Out Pete Docter, Meg LeFauve, Josh Cooley, Ronnie del Carmen
Straight Outta Compton Jonathan Herman, Andrea Berloff, S. Leigh Savidge, Alan Wenkus
Manchester by the Sea Kenneth Lonergan
Hell or High Water Taylor Sheridan
La La Land Damien Chazelle
The Lobster Yorgos Lanthimos, Efthimis Fillippou
20th Century Women Mike Mills
Get Out Jordan Peele
The Big Sick Emily V. Gordon, Kumail Nanjiani
Lady Bird Greta Gerwig
The Shape of Water Guillermo del Toro, Vanessa Taylor
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Martin McDonagh
Green Book Nick Vallelonga, Brian Currie, Peter Farrelly
The Favourite Deborah Davis, Tony McNamara
First Reformed Paul Schrader
Roma Alfonso Cuarón
Vice Adam McKay
1917 Sam Mendes, Krysty Wilson-Cairns
Gisaengchung (Parasite) Bong Joon-ho, Han Jin-won
Knives Out Rian Johnson
Marriage Story Noah Baumbach
Once Upon a Time in Hollywood Quentin Tarantino


Woody Allen heeft in deze categorie zowel de meeste nominaties (16) als zeges (3). Hij is ook de oudste winnaar ooit. Allen was 76 jaar toen hij in 2012 won met het scenario voor Midnight in Paris (2011). Ben Affleck is de jongste winnaar ooit. Hij was 25 jaar toen hij samen met Matt Damon een Oscar won voor het scenario van Good Will Hunting (1997).

Muriel Box was de eerste vrouw die de Oscar voor beste originele scenario won. Ze deelde de prijs, die ze won voor het Brits melodrama The Seventh Veil (1945), met haar echtgenoot Sydney Box.

In 1996 wonnen de broers Joel en Ethan Coen een Oscar voor Fargo. Ook Francis Ford Coppola en diens dochter Sofia Coppola wonnen elk een Oscar. Francis Ford Coppola won de prijs voor de oorlogsfilm Patton (1970). Meer dan dertig jaar later won zijn dochter Sofia Coppola de prijs voor Lost in Translation (2003).

Scenaristen Preston Sturges (1944), Maurice Richlin en Stanley Shapiro (1959) en Oliver Stone (1986) werden twee keer in hetzelfde jaar genomineerd.

Verscheidene schrijvers wonnen zowel de Oscar voor originele als bewerkte scenario. Wanneer de twee categorieën samengevoegd worden, zijn er vijf recordhouders die drie keer een Oscar wonnen voor het schrijven van een scenario:

Wanneer de twee categorieën voor scenario's gecombineerd worden, is Woody Allen de recordhouder wat betreft nominaties. Hij werd in totaal zestien keer genomineerd, telkens in de categorie voor beste originele scenario. Billy Wilder werd tijdens zijn carrière twaalf keer genomineerd voor het schrijven van een scenario.