Zand (dynastie): verschil tussen versies

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Versie 31274811 van Gomada (overleg) ongedaan gemaakt - foute link
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(Versie 31274811 van Gomada (overleg) ongedaan gemaakt - foute link)
[[Bestand:Monument+karim khan.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Monument voor [[Karim Khan]] in [[Shiraz (Iran)|Shiraz]].]]
De '''Zand-dynastie''' ({{audio|zand.ogg|Zand}}) (Perzisch سلسله زندیه) regeerde over Perzië van 1750 tot 1794.
Ze werd gesticht door [[Karim Khan]], hoofd van de [[Zand clan]] van de [[Lak stam]]<ref>[http://www.iranica.com/articles/ot_grp5/ot_kurdish_tribes_20040616.html Kurdish tribes, KARIM KHAN ZAND]</ref><ref>''A fourth pretender was Karim Khan, son of Aymak of the Zand, a section of Lak tribe'', Sir Percy Molesworth Sykes, ''A History of Persi'', Macmillan and co., limited, 1930, [http://books.google.com/books?id=y6BCAAAAIAAJ&q=%22A+fourth+pretender+was+Karim+Khan,+son+of+Aymak+of+the+Zand%22&dq=%22A+fourth+pretender+was+Karim+Khan,+son+of+Aymak+of+the+Zand%22&hl=en&ei=b_RKTr-IK4jqmAWpmNHuBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA p. 277.]</ref><ref>''One of the contenders for power was Karim Khan Zand, a member of the Lak tribe near Shiraz'', William Marsden, Stephen Album, ''Marsden's Numismata orientalia illustrata'', Attic Books, 1977, ISBN 978-0-915018-16-1, [http://books.google.com/books?id=zDtmAAAAMAAJ&q=%22One+of+the+contenders+for+power+was+Karim+Khan+Zand,+a+member+of+the+Lak+tribe+near+Shiraz,%22&dq=%22One+of+the+contenders+for+power+was+Karim+Khan+Zand,+a+member+of+the+Lak+tribe+near+Shiraz,%22&hl=en&ei=vfVKTuL8J6H8mAXfp8TxBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA p. 158.]</ref><ref>Karim Khan, the founder of the Zand dynasty of Persia that succeeded the Afsharids, was himself born to a family of these Lak deportees (of the Zand tribe), [[Mehrdad R. Izady]], ''The Kurds: A Concise Handbook'', Taylor & Francis, 1992, ISBN 978-0-8448-1727-9, [http://books.google.com/books?id=I9mr6OgLjBoC&pg=PA12&dq=%22Karim+Khan,+the+founder+of+the+Zand+dynasty+of+Persia+that+succeeded+the+Afsharids,+was+himself+born+to+a+family+of+these+Lak+deportees+(of+the+Zand+tribe).+%22&hl=en&ei=MfdKTpKjO8r9mAXQjtWSCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Karim%20Khan%2C%20the%20founder%20of%20the%20Zand%20dynasty%20of%20Persia%20that%20succeeded%20the%20Afsharids%2C%20was%20himself%20born%20to%20a%20family%20of%20these%20Lak%20deportees%20(of%20the%20Zand%20tribe).%20%22&f=false p. 12.]</ref><ref>''Kurdish leader, Karim Khan Zand,...'', [[Wadie Jwaideh]], ''The Kurdish National Movement: Its Origins and Development'', Syracuse University Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-8156-3093-7, [http://books.google.com/books?id=FCbspX-dGPYC&pg=PA17&dq=%22Kurdish+leader,+Karim+Khan+Zand,+who+for+nearly%22&hl=en&ei=9flKTu6BGcL-mAW206zxBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Kurdish%20leader%2C%20Karim%20Khan%20Zand%2C%20who%20for%20nearly%22&f=false p. 17.]</ref><ref>Lokman I. Meho, Kelly L. Maglaughlin, ''Kurdish Culture and Society: An Annotated Bibliography'', Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001. ISBN 978-0-313-31543-5, [http://books.google.com/books?id=sl4PIeyWriUC&pg=PA308&dq=%22Karim+Khan+Zand,+the+founder+of+the+Kurdish+Zand+dynasty%22&hl=en&ei=QftKTviXOLD2mAWLiPSICA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Karim%20Khan%20Zand%2C%20the%20founder%20of%20the%20Kurdish%20Zand%20dynasty%22&f=false p. 308.]</ref>, die de macht van de [[Safaviden]] en [[Afshariden]] overnam.
 
De hoofdstad was [[Shiraz (Iran)|Shiraz]]. Karim Khan had de Britten een handelsmissie toegestaan te [[Bushehr]].
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