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Major golfkampioenschap (mannen)

majors voor mannen

Het major golfkampioenschap, kortweg major (Engels: Major Championship), is een van de meest prestigieuze golftoernooien bij de mannen. De vier majors zijn:

Naam Oprichting Info
The Open Championship
1860
georganiseerd door de leden van de The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews en altijd gespeeld op een linksgolfbaan in Groot-Brittannië
US Open
1895
georganiseerd door de United States Golf Association en gespeeld op verscheidene golfbanen in de Verenigde Staten
PGA Championship
1916
georganiseerd door de Professional Golfers' Association of America en gespeeld op verscheidene locaties in de Verenigde Staten
Masters Tournament
1934
oorspronkelijk een invitatietoernooi dat telkens plaatsvond op de Augusta National Golf Club, in de Amerikaanse staat Georgia, en nu is het nog steeds aldaar

GeschiedenisBewerken

Oorspronkelijk waren er twee Britse golftoernooien, The Open Championship en The Amateur Championship, en twee Amerikaanse, het US Open en het US Amateur, de vier bekende majors. Na het oprichten van de Masters in 1934 en de toename van de bekendheid van het golfsport in de jaren 40 en 50 van de 20e eeuw echter werd de term "major championships" toegepast bij de Masters, het US Open, het PGA Championship (alle drie in de VS) en het Open Championship (in Groot-Brittannië).

Winnaars majorsBewerken

Jaar Masters Tournament US Open The Open Championship PGA Championship
1860 Nog niet opgericht Nog niet opgericht   Willie Park sr. (1/4) Nog niet opgericht
1861   Tom Morris sr. (1/4)
1862   Tom Morris sr. (2/4)
1863   Willie Park sr. (2/4)
1864   Tom Morris sr. (3/4)
1865   Andrew Strath
1866   Willie Park sr. (3/4)
1867   Tom Morris sr. (4/4)
1868   Tom Morris jr. (1/4)
1869   Tom Morris jr. (2/4)
1870   Tom Morris jr. (3/4)
1871 Geen toernooi
1872   Tom Morris jr. (4/4)
1873   Tom Kidd
1874   Mungo Park
1875   Willie Park sr. (4/4)
1876   Bob Martin (1/2)
1877   Jamie Anderson (1/3)
1878   Jamie Anderson (2/3)
1879   Jamie Anderson (3/3)
1880   Bob Ferguson (1/3)
1881   Bob Ferguson (2/3)
1882   Bob Ferguson (3/3)
1883   Willie Fernie
1884   Jack Simpson
1885   Bob Martin (2/2)
1886   David Brown
1887   Willie Park jr. (1/2)
1888   Jack Burns
1889   Willie Park jr. (2/2)
1890   John Ball jr.
1891   Hugh Kirkaldy
1892   Harold Hilton (1/2)
1893   Willie Auchterlonie
1894   John Henry Taylor (1/5)
1895   Horace Rawlins   John Henry Taylor (2/5)
1896   James Foulis   Harry Vardon (1/7)
1897   Joe Lloyd   Harold Hilton (2/2)
1898   Fred Herd   Harry Vardon (2/7)
1899   Willie Smith   Harry Vardon (3/7)
1900   Harry Vardon (4/7)   John Henry Taylor (3/5)
1901   Willie Anderson (1/4)   James Braid (1/5)
1902   Laurie Auchterlonie   Sandy Herd
1903   Willie Anderson (2/4)   Harry Vardon (5/7)
1904   Willie Anderson (3/4)   Jack White
1905   Willie Anderson (4/4)   James Braid (2/5)
1906   Alex Smith (1/2)   James Braid (3/5)
1907   Alec Ross   France Arnaud Massy
1908   Fred McLeod   James Braid (4/5)
1909   George Sargent   John Henry Taylor (4/5)
1910   Alex Smith (2/2)   James Braid (5/5)
1911   John McDermott (1/2)   Harry Vardon (6/7)
1912   John McDermott (2/2)   Ted Ray (1/2)
1913   Francis Ouimet   John Henry Taylor (5/5)
1914   Walter Hagen (1/11)   Harry Vardon (7/7)
1915   Jerome Travers Geannuleerd vanwege WOI
1916   Chick Evans   Jim Barnes (1/4)
1917 Geannuleerd vanwege WOI Geannuleerd vanwege WOI
1918
1919   Walter Hagen (2/11)   Jim Barnes (2/4)
1920   Ted Ray (2/2)   George Duncan     Jock Hutchison (1/2)
1921   Jim Barnes (3/4)     Jock Hutchison (2/2)   Walter Hagen (3/11)
1922   Gene Sarazen (1/7)   Walter Hagen (4/11)   Gene Sarazen (2/7)
1923   Bobby Jones (1/7)   Arthur Havers   Gene Sarazen (3/7)
1924   Cyril Walker   Walter Hagen (5/11)   Walter Hagen (6/11)
1925   Willie MacFarlane   Jim Barnes (4/4)   Walter Hagen (7/11)
1926   Bobby Jones (2/7)   Bobby Jones (3/7)   Walter Hagen (8/11)
1927     Tommy Armour (1/3)   Bobby Jones (4/7)   Walter Hagen (9/11)
1928   Johnny Farrell   Walter Hagen (10/11)   Leo Diegel (1/2)
1929   Bobby Jones (5/7)   Walter Hagen (11/11)   Leo Diegel (2/2)
1930   Bobby Jones (6/7)   Bobby Jones (7/7)     Tommy Armour (2/3)
1931   Billy Burke     Tommy Armour (3/3)   Tom Creavy
1932   Gene Sarazen (4/7)   Gene Sarazen (5/7)   Olin Dutra (1/2)
1933   Johnny Goodman   Denny Shute (1/3)   Gene Sarazen (6/7)
1934   Horton Smith (1/2)   Olin Dutra (2/2)   Henry Cotton (1/3)   Paul Runyan (1/2)
1935   Gene Sarazen (7/7)   Sam Parks jr.   Alf Perry   Johnny Revolta
1936   Horton Smith (2/2)   Tony Manero   Alf Padgham   Denny Shute (2/3)
1937   Byron Nelson (1/5)   Ralph Guldahl (1/3)   Henry Cotton (2/3)   Denny Shute (3/3)
1938   Henry Picard (1/2)   Ralph Guldahl (2/3)   Reg Whitcombe   Paul Runyan (2/2)
1939   Ralph Guldahl (3/3)   Byron Nelson (2/5)   Dick Burton   Henry Picard (2/2)
1940   Jimmy Demaret (1/3)   Lawson Little Geannuleerd vanwege WOII   Byron Nelson (3/5)
1941   Craig Wood (1/2)   Craig Wood (2/2)   Vic Ghezzi
1942   Byron Nelson (4/5) Geannuleerd vanwege WOII   Sam Snead (1/7)
1943 Geannuleerd vanwege WOII Geannuleerd vanwege WOII
1944   Bob Hamilton
1945   Byron Nelson (5/5)
1946   Herman Keiser   Lloyd Mangrum   Sam Snead (2/7)   Ben Hogan (1/9)
1947   Jimmy Demaret (2/3)   Lew Worsham   Fred Daly   Jim Ferrier
1948   Claude Harmon   Ben Hogan (2/9)   Henry Cotton (3/3)   Ben Hogan (3/9)
1949   Sam Snead (3/7)   Cary Middlecoff (1/3)   Bobby Locke (1/4)   Sam Snead (4/7)
1950   Jimmy Demaret (3/3)   Ben Hogan (4/9)   Bobby Locke (2/4)   Chandler Harper
1951   Ben Hogan (5/9)   Ben Hogan (6/9)   Max Faulkner   Sam Snead (5/7)
1952   Sam Snead (6/7)   Julius Boros (1/3)   Bobby Locke (3/4)   Jim Turnesa
1953   Ben Hogan (7/9)   Ben Hogan (8/9)   Ben Hogan (9/9)   Walter Burkemo
1954   Sam Snead (7/7)   Ed Furgol   Peter Thomson (1/5)   Chick Harbert
1955   Cary Middlecoff (2/3)   Jack Fleck   Peter Thomson (2/5)   Doug Ford (1/2)
1956   Jack Burke jr. (1/2)   Cary Middlecoff (3/3)   Peter Thomson (3/5)   Jack Burke jr. (2/2)
1957   Doug Ford (2/2)   Dick Mayer   Bobby Locke (4/4)   Lionel Hebert
1958   Arnold Palmer (1/7)   Tommy Bolt   Peter Thomson (4/5)   Dow Finsterwald
1959   Art Wall jr.   Billy Casper (1/3)   Gary Player (1/9)   Bob Rosburg
1960   Arnold Palmer (2/7)   Arnold Palmer (3/7)   Kel Nagle   Jay Hebert
1961   Gary Player (2/9)   Gene Littler   Arnold Palmer (4/7)   Jerry Barber
1962   Arnold Palmer (5/7)   Jack Nicklaus (1/18)   Arnold Palmer (6/7)   Gary Player (3/9)
1963   Jack Nicklaus (2/18)   Julius Boros (2/3)   Bob Charles   Jack Nicklaus (3/18)
1964   Arnold Palmer (7/7)   Ken Venturi   Tony Lema   Bobby Nichols
1965   Jack Nicklaus (4/18)   Gary Player (4/9)   Peter Thomson (5/5)   Dave Marr
1966   Jack Nicklaus (5/18)   Billy Casper (2/3)   Jack Nicklaus (6/18)   Al Geiberger
1967   Gay Brewer   Jack Nicklaus (7/18)   Roberto DeVicenzo   Don January
1968   Bob Goalby   Lee Trevino (1/6)   Gary Player (5/9)   Julius Boros (3/3)
1969   George Archer   Orville Moody   Tony Jacklin (1/2)   Raymond Floyd (1/4)
1970   Billy Casper (3/3)   Tony Jacklin (2/2)   Jack Nicklaus (8/18)   Dave Stockton (1/2)
1971   Charles Coody   Lee Trevino (2/6)   Lee Trevino (3/6)   Jack Nicklaus (9/18)
1972   Jack Nicklaus (10/18)   Jack Nicklaus (11/18)   Lee Trevino (4/6)   Gary Player (6/9)
1973   Tommy Aaron   Johnny Miller (1/2)   Tom Weiskopf   Jack Nicklaus (12/18)
1974   Gary Player (7/9)   Hale Irwin (1/3)   Gary Player (8/9)   Lee Trevino (5/6)
1975   Jack Nicklaus (13/18)   Lou Graham   Tom Watson (1/8)   Jack Nicklaus (14/18)
1976   Raymond Floyd (2/4)   Jerry Pate   Johnny Miller (2/2)   Dave Stockton (2/2)
1977   Tom Watson (2/8)   Hubert Green (1/2)   Tom Watson (3/8)   Lanny Wadkins
1978   Gary Player (9/9)   Andy North (1/2)   Jack Nicklaus (15/18)   John Mahaffey
1979   Fuzzy Zoeller (1/2)   Hale Irwin (2/3)   Seve Ballesteros (1/5)   David Graham (1/2)
1980   Seve Ballesteros (2/5)   Jack Nicklaus (16/18)   Tom Watson (4/8)   Jack Nicklaus (17/18)
1981   Tom Watson (5/8)   David Graham (2/2)   Bill Rogers   Larry Nelson (1/3)
1982   Craig Stadler   Tom Watson (6/8)   Tom Watson (7/8)   Raymond Floyd (3/4)
1983   Seve Ballesteros (3/5)   Larry Nelson (2/3)   Tom Watson (8/8)   Hal Sutton
1984   Ben Crenshaw (1/2)   Fuzzy Zoeller (2/2)   Seve Ballesteros (4/5)   Lee Trevino (6/6)
1985   Bernhard Langer (1/2)   Andy North (2/2)   Sandy Lyle (1/2)   Hubert Green (2/2)
1986   Jack Nicklaus (18/18)   Raymond Floyd (4/4)   Greg Norman (1/2)   Bob Tway
1987   Larry Mize   Scott Simpson   Nick Faldo (1/6)   Larry Nelson (3/3)
1988   Sandy Lyle (2/2)   Curtis Strange (1/2)   Seve Ballesteros (5/5)   Jeff Sluman
1989   Nick Faldo (2/6)   Curtis Strange (2/2)   Mark Calcavecchia   Payne Stewart (1/3)
1990   Nick Faldo (3/6)   Hale Irwin (3/3)   Nick Faldo (4/6)   Wayne Grady
1991   Ian Woosnam   Payne Stewart (2/3)   Ian Baker-Finch   John Daly (1/2)
1992   Fred Couples   Tom Kite   Nick Faldo (5/6)   Nick Price (1/3)
1993   Bernhard Langer (2/2)   Lee Janzen (1/2)   Greg Norman (2/2)   Paul Azinger
1994   José María Olazábal (1/2)   Ernie Els (1/4)   Nick Price (2/3)   Nick Price (3/3)
1995   Ben Crenshaw (2/2)   Corey Pavin   John Daly (2/2)   Steve Elkington
1996   Nick Faldo (6/6)   Steve Jones   Tom Lehman   Mark Brooks
1997   Tiger Woods (1/15)   Ernie Els (2/4)   Justin Leonard   Davis Love III
1998   Mark O'Meara (1/2)   Lee Janzen (2/2)   Mark O'Meara (2/2)   Vijay Singh (1/3)
1999   José María Olazábal (2/2)   Payne Stewart (3/3)   Paul Lawrie   Tiger Woods (2/15)
2000   Vijay Singh (2/3)   Tiger Woods (3/15)   Tiger Woods (4/15)   Tiger Woods (5/15)
2001   Tiger Woods (6/15)   Retief Goosen (1/2)   David Duval   David Toms
2002   Tiger Woods (7/15)   Tiger Woods (8/15)   Ernie Els (3/4)   Rich Beem
2003   Mike Weir   Jim Furyk   Ben Curtis   Shaun Micheel
2004   Phil Mickelson (1/5)   Retief Goosen (2/2)   Todd Hamilton   Vijay Singh (3/3)
2005   Tiger Woods (9/15)   Michael Campbell   Tiger Woods (10/15)   Phil Mickelson (2/5)
2006   Phil Mickelson (3/5)   Geoff Ogilvy   Tiger Woods (11/15)   Tiger Woods (12/15)
2007   Zach Johnson (1/2)   Ángel Cabrera (1/2)   Pádraig Harrington (1/3)   Tiger Woods (13/15)
2008   Trevor Immelman   Tiger Woods (14/15)   Pádraig Harrington (2/3)   Pádraig Harrington (3/3)
2009   Ángel Cabrera (2/2)   Lucas Glover   Stewart Cink   Yang Yong-eun
2010   Phil Mickelson (4/5)   Graeme McDowell   Louis Oosthuizen   Martin Kaymer (1/2)
2011   Charl Schwartzel   Rory McIlroy (1/4)   Darren Clarke   Keegan Bradley
2012   Bubba Watson (1/2)   Webb Simpson   Ernie Els (4/4)   Rory McIlroy (2/4)
2013   Adam Scott   Justin Rose   Phil Mickelson (5/5)   Jason Dufner
2014   Bubba Watson (2/2)   Martin Kaymer (2/2)   Rory McIlroy (3/4)   Rory McIlroy (4/4)
2015   Jordan Spieth (1/3)   Jordan Spieth (2/3)   Zach Johnson (2/2)   Jason Day
2016   Danny Willett   Dustin Johnson   Henrik Stenson   Jimmy Walker
2017   Sergio Garcia   Brooks Koepka (1/4)   Jordan Spieth (3/3)   Justin Thomas
2018   Patrick Reed   Brooks Koepka (2/4)   Francesco Molinari   Brooks Koepka (3/4)
2019   Tiger Woods (15/15)   Gary Woodland   Shane Lowry   Brooks Koepka (4/4)

Zie ookBewerken