Chains

compositie van Carole King

Chains is een compositie geschreven door Gerry Goffin en Carole King in de vroege jaren 1960, toen het schrijversduo met elkaar getrouwd was. The Everly Brothers namen het nummer als eerste artiest op maar brachten dit niet uit. Amerikaanse meidengroep The Cookies scoorde er een hit mee in 1962, en werd in 1963 gecoverd door Britse rockband The Beatles.

The Cookies in 1962

Versie van The CookiesBewerken

Chains
Single van:
The Cookies
Van het album:
Chains
B-kant(en) Stranger in My Arms
Uitgebracht   november 1962
Soort drager grammofoonplaat
Genre R&B, pop
Duur 02:29
Label Dimension Records
Componist(en) Gerry Goffin, Carole King
Producent(en) Gerry Goffin
Hoogste positie(s) in de hitlijsten
  • 17 (U.S. Pop)
Portaal      Muziek

The Cookies was een meidengroep die actief was in het Brill Building te New York, en zongen bijvoorbeeld als achtergrondkoor op Little Eva's The Loco-Motion, wat een grote hit werd.

BezettingBewerken

Versie van The BeatlesBewerken

Chains
Nummer van:
The Beatles
Van het album:
Please Please Me
Uitgebracht 22 maart 1963
Opname 11 februari 1963
Genre rock-'n-roll
Duur 2:23
Label Parlophone
Schrijver(s) Gerry Goffin, Carole King
Producent(en) George Martin
Volgorde op Please Please Me
3
Anna (Go to Him)
(2:55)
  4
Chains
(2:23)
  5
Boys
(2:24)
Volgorde op Introducing... The Beatles
3
Anna (Go to Him)
(3:00)
  4
Chains
(2:23)
  5
Boys
(2:28)
Portaal      Muziek

AchtergrondBewerken

Chains werd door de band live gespeeld voor hun debuutalbum Please Please Me werd opgenomen. Innovatief aan hun opname was de harmonicasolo van John Lennon.[1]

OpnameBewerken

Het hele album Please Please Me werd op 11 februari 1963 in minder dan dertien uur ingeblikt. Mark Lewisohn schreef hierover dat "het moeilijk voorstelbaar is dat er 585 productievere minuten in de geschiedenis van muziekopnames kunnen bestaan." Voor Chains had men vier takes nodig, maar producer George Martin behield enkel de eerste take.[2] Volgens Ian MacDonald blinkt de opname niet uit in spontaneïteit en lijkt niemand echt toegewijd te zijn.[3]

BezettingBewerken

Bezetting volgens Ian MacDonald[4]

Andere VersiesBewerken

Bandleden:John Lennon · Paul McCartney · George Harrison · Ringo Starr
Voormalige bandleden:Pete Best · Stuart Sutcliffe
Personeel:Neil Aspinall · Geoff Emerick · Brian Epstein · Allen Klein · George Martin · Giles Martin · Jimmie Nicol · Norman Smith · Phil Spector · Allan Williams
Studiolbums:Please Please Me (1963) · With the Beatles (1963) · A Hard Day's Night (1964) · Beatles for Sale (1964) · Help! (1965) · Rubber Soul (1965) · Revolver (1966) · Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967) · Magical Mystery Tour (1967) · The Beatles (White Album) (1968) · Yellow Submarine (1969) · Abbey Road (1969) · Let It Be (1970)
Studiolbums in de Verenigde Staten:Introducing... The Beatles (1963) · Meet The Beatles! (1964) · The Beatles' Second Album (1964) · Something New (1964) · Hear the Beatles Tell All (1964) · The Beatles' Story (1964) · Beatles '65 (1964) · The Early Beatles (1965) · Beatles VI (1965) · Yesterday and Today (1966)
Extended plays:Twist and Shout (1963) · The Beatles' Hits (1963) · The Beatles (No. 1) (1963) · All My Loving (1964) · Souvenir of Their Visit to America (1964) · Four by The Beatles (1964) · Long Tall Sally (1964) · Extracts from the Film A Hard Day's Night (1964) · Extracts from the Album A Hard Day's Night (1964) · 4 by the Beatles (1965) · Beatles for Sale (1965) · Beatles for Sale No. 2 (1965) · The Beatles' Million Sellers (1965) · Yesterday (1966) · Nowhere Man (1966)
Livealbums:Live! at the Star-Club in Hamburg, Germany; 1962 (1977) · The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl (1977) · Live at the BBC (1994) · On Air – Live at the BBC Volume 2 (2013) · The Beatles Bootleg Recordings 1963 (2013)
Compilatiealbums:My Bonnie (1962) · The Beatles with Tony Sheridan and Their Guests (1964) · The Beatles' First (1964) · Ain't She Sweet (1964) · Greatest Hits Volume 1 (1966) · A Collection of Beatles Oldies (1966) · Greatest Hits Volume 2 (1967) · Very Together (1969) · Hey Jude (1970) · In the Beginning (Circa 1960) (1970) · The Essential Beatles (1972) · 1962-1966 (1973) · 1967-1970 (1973) · Rock 'n' Roll Music (1976) · Love Songs (1977) · Rarities (1978) · The Beatles Ballads (1980) · Reel Music (1982) · 20 Greatest Hits (1982) · The Number Ones (1983) · The Early Tapes of the Beatles (1984) · Past Masters, Volume One (1988) · Past Masters, Volume Two (1988) · Anthology 1 (1995) · Anthology 2 (1996) · Anthology 3 (1996) · Yellow Submarine Songtrack (1999) · 1 (2000) · Beatles Bop – Hamburg Days (2001) · Past Masters / Mono Masters (2009) · Tomorrow Never Knows (2012) · I Saw Her Standing There (2013)
Remixalbums:Let It Be... Naked (2003) · Love (2006)
Box sets:The Singles Collection 1962–1970 (1976) · The Beatles Collection (1978) · The Beatles Box (1980) · The Beatles EP Collection (1981) · The Beatles: The Collection (1982) · The Beatles Mono Collection (1982) · The Beatles Box Set (1988) · The Capitol Albums, Volume 1 (2004) · The Capitol Albums, Volume 2 (2006) · The Beatles Stereo Box Set (2009) · The Beatles in Mono (2009) · The U.S. Albums (2014) · The Japan Box (2014) · The Christmas Records (2017)
Films:A Hard Day's Night (1964) · Help! (1965) · Magical Mystery Tour (1967) · Yellow Submarine (1968) · Let It Be (1970) · The Beatles: Get Back (2021)
Gerelateerde plaatsen:10 Admiral Grove · 12 Arnold Grove · 20 Forthlin Road · 251 Menlove Avenue · 9 Newcastle Road · Beatlemania Hamburg · Beatles Museum (Alkmaar) · Beatles Museum (Halle) · The Beatles Story · Cavern Club · Cavern Mecca · Egri Road Beatles Múzeum · Museo Beatle · Star-Club
Gerelateerde onderwerpen:Discografie · Apple Records · Abbey Road Studios · Lennon-McCartney · The Quarrymen · Rory Storm & the Hurricanes · Tony Sheridan · De vijfde Beatle · Auditie van The Beatles bij Decca · Culturele impact · Covers van Beatles-nummers · Paul is dead · The Analogues · The Bootleg Beatles · The Rutles · The Songs Lennon and McCartney Gave Away · Rock Band · Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band · All You Need Is Cash · The Rutles 2: Can't Buy Me Lunch · Across the Universe · Yesterday
Nummers van The Beatles
1961:Ain't She Sweet · Cry for a Shadow · My Bonnie · If You Love Me, Baby · When the Saints Go Marching In · Why · Nobody's Child
1962:Like Dreamers Do · The Sheik of Araby · To Know Her Is to Love Her · Take Good Care of My Baby · Memphis, Tennessee · Sure to Fall · Hello Little Girl · Three Cool Cats · Crying, Waiting, Hoping · Love of the Loved · September in the Rain · Bésame mucho · Searchin' · Sweet Georgia Brown · How Do You Do It?
Please Please Me (1963):I Saw Her Standing There · Misery · Anna (Go to Him) · Chains · Boys · Ask Me Why · Please Please Me · Love Me Do · P.S. I Love You · Baby It's You · Do You Want to Know a Secret · A Taste of Honey · There's a Place · Twist and Shout
With the Beatles (1963):It Won't Be Long · All I've Got to Do · All My Loving · Don't Bother Me · Little Child · Till There Was You · Please Mr. Postman · Roll Over Beethoven · Hold Me Tight · You Really Got a Hold on Me · I Wanna Be Your Man · Devil in Her Heart · Not a Second Time · Money (That's What I Want)
1963:I Want to Hold Your Hand · This Boy · From Me to You · Thank You Girl · She Loves You · I'll Get You
A Hard Day's Night (1964):A Hard Day's Night · I Should Have Known Better · If I Fell · I'm Happy Just to Dance with You · And I Love Her · Tell Me Why · Can't Buy Me Love · Any Time at All · I'll Cry Instead · Things We Said Today · When I Get Home · You Can't Do That · I'll Be Back
Beatles for Sale (1964):No Reply · I'm a Loser · Baby's in Black · Rock and Roll Music · I'll Follow the Sun · Mr. Moonlight · Kansas City/Hey-Hey-Hey-Hey! · Eight Days a Week · Words of Love · Honey Don't · Every Little Thing · I Don't Want to Spoil the Party · What You're Doing · Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby
1964:Komm', gib mir deine Hand · Sie liebt dich · Slow Down · Matchbox · Long Tall Sally · I Call Your Name · I Feel Fine · She's a Woman
Help! (1965):Help! · The Night Before · You've Got to Hide Your Love Away · I Need You · Another Girl · You're Going to Lose That Girl · Ticket to Ride · Act Naturally · It's Only Love · You Like Me Too Much · Tell Me What You See · I've Just Seen a Face · Yesterday · Dizzy Miss Lizzy
Rubber Soul (1965):Drive My Car · Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown) · You Won't See Me · Nowhere Man · Think for Yourself · The Word · Michelle · What Goes On · Girl · I'm Looking Through You · In My Life · Wait · If I Needed Someone · Run for Your Life
1965:Bad boy · Day Tripper · We Can Work It Out · Yes It Is · I'm Down
Revolver (1966):Taxman · Eleanor Rigby · I'm Only Sleeping · Love You To · Here, There and Everywhere · Yellow Submarine · She Said She Said · Good Day Sunshine · And Your Bird Can Sing · For No One · Doctor Robert · I Want to Tell You · Got to Get You into My Life · Tomorrow Never Knows
1966:Paperback Writer · Rain
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967):Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band · With a Little Help from My Friends · Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds · Getting Better · Fixing a Hole · She's Leaving Home · Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite! · Within You Without You · When I'm Sixty-Four · Lovely Rita · Good Morning Good Morning · Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (Reprise) · A Day in the Life
Magical Mystery Tour (1967):Magical Mystery Tour · The Fool on the Hill · Flying · Blue Jay Way · Your Mother Should Know · I Am the Walrus · Hello, Goodbye · Strawberry Fields Forever · Penny Lane · Baby, You're a Rich Man · All You Need Is Love
The Beatles (1968):Back in the U.S.S.R. · Dear Prudence · Glass Onion · Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da · Wild Honey Pie · The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill · While My Guitar Gently Weeps · Happiness Is a Warm Gun · Martha My Dear · I'm So Tired · Blackbird · Piggies · Rocky Raccoon · Don't Pass Me By · Why Don't We Do It in the Road? · I Will · Julia · Birthday · Yer Blues · Mother Nature's Son · Everybody's Got Something to Hide Except Me and My Monkey · Sexy Sadie · Helter Skelter · Long, Long, Long · Revolution 1 · Honey Pie · Savoy Truffle · Cry Baby Cry · Revolution 9 · Good Night
1968:Lady Madonna · The Inner Light · Hey Jude · Revolution
Yellow Submarine (1969):Only a Northern Song · All Together Now · Hey Bulldog · It's All Too Much
Abbey Road (1969):Come Together · Something · Maxwell's Silver Hammer · Oh! Darling · Octopus's Garden · I Want You (She's So Heavy) · Here Comes the Sun · Because · You Never Give Me Your Money · Sun King · Mean Mr. Mustard · Polythene Pam · She Came in Through the Bathroom Window · Golden Slumbers · Carry That Weight · The End · Her Majesty
1969:Don't Let Me Down · The Ballad of John and Yoko · Old Brown Shoe
Let It Be (1970):Two of Us · Dig a Pony · Across the Universe · I Me Mine · Dig It · Let It Be · Maggie Mae · I've Got a Feeling · One After 909 · The Long and Winding Road · For You Blue · Get Back
1970:You Know My Name (Look Up the Number)
1982:The Beatles' Movie Medley
Live at the BBC (1994):I Got a Woman · Too Much Monkey Business · Keep Your Hands off My Baby · I'll Be on My Way · Young Blood · A Shot of Rhythm and Blues · Some Other Guy · That's All Right · Carol · Soldier of Love · Clarabella · I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Cry (Over You) · The Honeymoon Song · Johnny B. Goode · Lucille · Sweet Little Sixteen · Lonesome Tears in My Eyes · Nothin' Shakin' · The Hippy Hippy Shake · Glad All Over · I Just Don't Understand · So How Come (No One Loves Me) · I Forgot to Remember to Forget · I Got to Find My Baby · Ooh! My Soul · Don't Ever Change
Anthology 1 (1995):Free as a Bird · That'll Be the Day · In Spite of All the Danger · Hallelujah I Love Her So · You'll Be Mine · Cayenne · Lend Me Your Comb · Moonlight Bay · Shout · You Know What to Do · Leave My Kitten Alone
1995:Christmas Time (Is Here Again)
Anthology 2 (1996):Real Love · If You've Got Trouble · That Means a Lot · 12-Bar Original
Anthology 3 (1996):A Beginning · Junk · Not Guilty · What's the New Mary Jane · Step Inside Love · Teddy Boy · Rip It Up/Shake, Rattle and Roll/Blue Suede Shoes · All Things Must Pass · Mailman, Bring Me No More Blues · Come and Get It
On Air – Live at the BBC Volume 2 (2013):I'm Talking About You · Beautiful Dreamer
The Beatles Bootleg Recordings 1963 (2013):Bad to Me · I'm in Love